To set or start an FM radio station

While the information in this guide addresses a New Zealand example, many points are relevant in other countries.

There are two different options for setting or starting the FM radio station. The first choice is to claim full commercial FM license. This type of license allows you to transfer over large areas. The disadvantages of a full-fledged FM license is that it is often a complicated process that there is no frequency available in the broadcast area and ongoing charges apply.

Another option is to launch a low-power FM radio station. In New Zealand, there is no such charge for operating this type of station – although the nominal annual APRA and RIANZ fees have to be paid for music royalties. However, it must be ensured that its transmission equipment complies with the rules of radio spectrum management. In addition, as with any radio station, all broadcasts must comply with the Broadcasting Act. This basically means that the programs must be of good taste. The low-power FM radio station has the advantage that it is much cheaper for external settings, the probability of finding the right frequency is much higher and much less overcrowding.

When operating a low power FM station, you need to determine who the audience is. If you are in an area where you have multiple retail outlets, you can achieve greater success by niche programming for an audience that is currently not working at full radio frequency transmitting stations. Alternatively, for those in a rural area or city, you have the option to make your station a local alternative as an alternative already available. In general, a local station competing against a station broadcasting from one of the main centers is largely supportive of local community support.

When setting or launching a low-power FM radio station, these points must be taken into account. The studio room should ideally be away from external noise sources (ie, not at a construction site) and have a small room. Larger rooms are prone to echo, which can get the microphone and air. When it comes to equipment, there are some special items you will need. These include the transmitter and antenna system, the limiter / compressor, the audio balance unit, and a device that allows you to make phone calls. Ideally, your station also has a mixing console, microphone, headphone, CD player, audio cable, computer system and radio automation software. You will also need the APRA and RIANZ licenses that cover musical rights. However, for the simplest setup, simply transmitter and antenna system and music permissions can be made.

In New Zealand, people with low power FM base should use transmission devices that comply with false emission limits and have a maximum output of 500 mW. Although this is a fraction of the power that a full-featured commercial radio station broadcasts, if you have a good room and the antenna is well-equipped, you can enjoy up to 10 square kilometers. The broadcast frequencies are 88.1 – 88.7 FM and 106.7 – 107.7 FM. The factor that has the greatest effect on the degree of radiation goes, the height of the antenna – the higher the better.

Also note the following points:

– Declare that your likely radio range of your station does not interfere with or interfere with people who are broadcasting on low frequency FM frequencies in your area.

– Ensure that the broadcast signal is exceptionally compact and is not too wide

– Ensure that your radio automation software you are using is fully reliable and fully tested for trouble-free operation

– the station (19659002) – Ensure that all broadcasts comply with broadcast standards and other rules

Starting a successful FM radio station is far more than just getting a low-power FM transmitter and music playing in the air. By carefully adjusting the station and ensuring that the programs keep in mind the target audience, you can be confident that you will gain a lot of experience, insight into the amazing radio industry and even a new career.

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